2011年05月18日

ステージ5 メモ 3

ステージ 5 メモ 3です。続きはまた時間が出来たら書きたいと思いますペン

かわいいレッスン 71  たくさん文法事項が出てきましたあせあせ(飛び散る汗)

past continuous/過去進行形

We use the past continuous for a continuous action at a particular time in the past. 過去進行形は、過去のある時に継続して行われていた動作を表すのに使う。(=過去のある時点で進行中の動作を表す)

e.g.)I was reading my newspaper at home yesterday at 6 p.m.
   They were working in that company 2 years ago.

past continuous + the past simple/過去進行形+単純過去形

We use the past continuous plus the past simple when one action happened during another action in the past. 過去進行形と単純過去形を組み合わせて、過去にある動作が進行中に他の動作が起こったことを表す。ひらめき"while"の後は過去進行形が来る。

e.g.) I was reading my paper when somebody opened the door.
   They got the prize while they were working in that company.

・We use the past continuous plus the past continuous when two actions were happening at the same time in the past. 過去進行形と過去進行形を組み合わせて、二つの動作が過去に同時に進行していた事を表す。

e.g.) I was reading a German book while my husband was cooking dinner.

towards/〜の方へ、〜に向かって(方向)
You are moving towards the door. あなたはドアのところへ向かっている。
ひらめき
"to"との違いとして、"to"は方向の意に加えてドアに到達したことを暗示する。"towards"は方向「ドアに向かって」ということを意味するだけで、到達点は含意しないので、未完了の動作を示す進行形時制では"to"より好まれる、とのこと(ジーニアス英和より)。

fall down/転ぶ


かわいいレッスン 72

constantly/絶えず、しきりに all the time, repeatedly

body temperature/体温

fail to do something/〜出来ない、しない
ひらめき"longman"英英辞典がとても分かりやすかったので、転載させてもらいます。

fail 
1. not succeed[intransitive] to not succeed in achieving something:
It looks likely that the peace talks will fail.
fail in
He failed in his attempt to regain the world title.
fail to do something
Doctors failed to save the girl's life.
Millions of people have tried to quit smoking and failed miserably (=been completely unsuccessful).
his efforts to save his failing marriage
If all else fails, you may be advised to have an operation.


2.not do something[intransitive] to not do what is expected, needed, or wanted
fail to do something
The letter failed to arrive.
Firms that fail to take advantage of the new technology will go out of business.
The government are failing in their duty to protect people.


3.exam/testa) [intransitive and transitive] to not pass a test or examination:
I failed my driving test the first time I took it.
He failed maths but passed all his other subjects.
b) [transitive] to decide that someone has not passed a test or examination: Her work was so bad that I had no choice but to fail her.

cf) fail (他動詞)(人が)(学科・試験)に落ちる(⇔pass) I failed a chemistry test.

succeed in 名詞・動名詞 〜に成功する。

e.g.) We fail to do something, but we succeed in doing something.

・owner/飼い主
cat owner/猫の飼い主

・in fashion/流行している


posted by Haru at 21:36| 東京 ☀| Comment(0) | ステージ 5 メモ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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