ステージ7 メモ4

かわいいレッスン102 メモです。すごく長くなってしまいましたあせあせ(飛び散る汗)


raise 1/(他動詞)(英英)to put something in a higher place or position.(人が)(物や身体の一部などを)上げる、持ち上げる。
We can greet someone in the street by raising our hand.

raise 2/(他動詞)(英英)to increase a number, amount, or level. 数字、総量、レベルなどを上げる、高くする。
I expect the government will raise the tax on cigarettes next year.
You have to raise your voice when there's a lot of noise in the street.
-raise one's voice/声を張り上げる

raise 3/(他動詞)(英英)to take care of children while they are growing up.(人が)(子供を)育てる。
I was raised in the north of this country.

go ahead /(句動詞)先に進む、先頭に立つ
"ahead"は通例進行方向の前方の意味。"in front of"は通例静止したものの前の意味。
If I were walking in a large group of people in the mountains, I'd like to go ahead and find the way.

go ahead and/(句動詞)遠慮なく〜する、あえて〜する、(相手の事は気にせず)〜する。
If you said that something wasn't allowed, I'd go ahead and do it anyhow.

anyhow/1.とにかく 2.ぞんざいに

get hold of モノ/(英英)to get something that you need or want.〜を手に入れる。
It's easy to get hold of tickets for a match between Manchester United and Real Madrid.

get hold of 人/(英英)to contact or find someone.人と連絡(接触)をとったり、人を見つけること。
It's easy to get hold of a good swimming coach in this town if you want to learn to swim very well.水泳をとても上達させたいのなら、この町で良い水泳のコーチを見つけることは簡単です。

coach tour/バス旅行

bald 1 /bɔld/(形容詞)はげた。ひらめきbold(勇敢な、大胆な)の発音は/boʊld/。
Men usually go bald at the age of 40.
-go bald/はげる。

bald 2 /bɔld/(形容詞)(英英)a bald tire is no longer safe to use because its surface is worn smooth.タイヤがすり減った
It isn't sage to drive a car with bald tyres.

ill at ease/(英英)not confident or relaxed.居心地が悪い、不安で落ち着けない。
People usually feel ill at ease among people they don't know.
I've felt ill at ease at a party.

かわいいレッスン103 メモです。重要単語頻出です。難しいけどマスターしたいです。

look after/(主にイギリス英語)(人の)の世話をする。(物の)手入れをする。ペンアメリカでは"take care of"がよく使われる。
A babysitter looks after a child when the parents have to go to work.
If you don't look after your car well, it won't work.

いい気分(温泉)重要単語 "manage" 使いこなせるようになりたい単語です。

manage 1/(英英)to succeed in doing something, especially something that needs a lot of effort or skill(扱いにくい人・物・事を)うまく取り扱う、巧みに操縦する。
Computers and credit cards help people manage their lives.

can/can't manage 2/(自動)(をたよりに・〜なしで)何とかやっていく。
I can't manage without a fridge and a washing machine.
I can manage without a dishwasher and a microwave.

manage to do something/何とか〜する、何とか〜できる。
Parents sometimes employ a babysitter if they have a job and can't manage to find the time to look after their children.

A failure in the management of a company can cause the company to close down.

Our plans sometimes end in failure.
-end in/(英英)to have something as a result.(自動詞)〜の結果になる、〜に終わる

attempt/(英英・加算名詞)an act of trying to do something, especially something difficult, often with no success.困難な事を行おうと努力する事。時に「失敗」も暗示。ペン"attempt"は名詞形も動詞形も同じ。


・try: 「努力」と「試み」を含意する最も一般的な語。"try"は動詞、"trial"が名詞。
Most people don't manage to pass their driving test at the first attempt.
It's worth making the attempt to learn a foreign language.- make an attempt/試みる
If your car broke down, would you attempt to repair it yourself?

effort/(英英)(名詞)physical or mental energy needed to do something 何かを成し遂げるために必要な肉体的・精神的な努力・エネルギー。
We have to put in a lot of effort if we attempt to do something difficult.
-put in a lot of effort to/一生懸命〜する。
It takes a lot of effort to learn English pronounciation.
-take a lot of effort/大変な努力を要する。

make an effort/努力する。
The Red Cross is a charity organization in my country which makes an effort to raise money for the poor.
-raise money/お金を集める、寄付を募る。

concentrate 1/(他動詞)to give most of your attention to one aim or activity.(注意などをある目的や活動に)集中する。
I'm concentrating my efforts on learning English now.
-concentrate your efforts/attention on somethingとeffortかattentionを入れることが多いとのことです。

concentrate 2/(他動詞・通常受動態で使用)(英英)if something is concentrated in an area, that is where it mainly exists.(〜がある地域に)集中している、密集している。
Business in my country is usually concentrated in large cities.

よって、She drowned(自動詞)、She was drowned(他動詞)も基本的に同じ意味。
アメリカでは、自動詞drownは事故死、他動詞be drownedは「溺死による他殺」と区別することもあるそうです。

drownだと「溺れ死ぬ」という意味。「死ぬ」ということがすでに含まれており、"He was drowned to death"は意味が重複しているので不適。
「私は溺れてしまった」と言いたい場合は、"I was drowning","I nearly/almost drown"などという。"I drowned"では、私は死んでしまった(幽霊?)、となってしまいます。
The average person can stay in cold sea water for about five minutes before they drown.
If I saw somebody drowning, I'd attempt to rescue them.
posted by Haru at 11:20| 東京 ☀| Comment(6) | ステージ7 メモ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする


ステージ7 メモ3

かわいいレッスン101 メモです。

well-known/(英英)known by many people or by the people involved in a particular situation.ペン[ジーニアス英和」によると、"famous"は「広い範囲・長期間にわたって良い意味で有名な」の意味であるが、"well-known"は「良い意味・悪い意味にかかわらず、famousよりも狭い範囲で単に"よく知られている"の意味で用いる」とのこと。
I'd like to become a well-known public figure.
-public figure/有名人、著名人

put information/情報を載せる。
Why people put information in charts?
cf) put information on the Internet.インターネットに情報を流す(乗せる)。

on a national scale/全国規模の
I think no good jobs for young people is a problem on a national scale.

bathroom scale/体重計

feature 1/(英英)something important, interesting or typical of a place or thing. 特徴、特色。
The key feature of the direct method is that students speak more than in any other methods.
- key feature/重要な特色(特徴)

feature 2/(コンピュータ)(特色となる)機能、性能
I agree that some computer programmes have too many features.コンピュータプログラムには、機能が多すぎる物もある。

fall asleep/(=begin to sleep)寝入る、眠りに落ちる
ペンsleep(動詞)は、「寝る」という動作を表しますが、fall asleep は「眠りにおちる」、be asleep は「眠っている状態」を表します。
It's easy for me to fall asleep when I'm extremely tired.

scene 1/a place where something happens, usually something bad(何か悪いことが起こった場所). (事件などの)現場
I've been at the scene of an accident.
-at the scene of an accident/事故現場

People aren't usually allowed to walk around the scene of a crime so they don't make policemen's work more difficult.
-the scene of a crime/犯行現場


stream 1/(英英)a small narrow river(小川)
Mountain streams are usually a beautiful scene to look at.
-scene/(英英)a view that you can see in a picture or from the place where you are.眺め、光景、景色
-mountain stream/谷川、渓流

I'd like to have a house in the country with a stream at the bottom of the garden.
- (the) bottom/(イギリス英語)(道・庭などの)いちばん奥 

stream 2/(英英)a continuous flow of people or things(人や物の絶え間ない流れ、連続).
Some restaurants have a constant stream of guests because they offer extremely good food and service.

a change of scene/to see and experience new surrondings.

posted by Haru at 20:54| 東京 ☀| Comment(0) | ステージ7 メモ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする


一人DMEのステージ1-6 5サイクルが終了したので、ステージ7の記録を付けていきますペンステージ7は今までで一番苦労したステージです。かかったコマ数もダントツです。メモと並行して気を引き締めて行いたいと思いますダッシュ(走り出すさま)




〜7/25 終了


〜8/20 終了

〜8/30 終了
posted by Haru at 15:05| 東京 ☀| Comment(2) | 一人DMEの記録★更新中 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする


ステージ7 メモ2

かわいいレッスン100 メモです。

manner 1/[singular] the way that someone behaves and speaks towards other people. (単数で a/the)(人の他人に対する)態度、ふるまい方、話し方

Teachers should start the lesson by welcoming students in a friendly manner.
Teachers should read questions in a lively manner in the direct method.

manners 2/[plural] behavior that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture.(複数形で)行儀、作法

It isn't good manners to talk with your mouth full, but it's bad manners.

unit of alcohol/アルコール単位量 ペンイギリスにはアルコール摂取量のガイドラインがあるようです。

One unit of alcohol is equal to a glass of beer.

agree about/〜について同意する。
Scientist don't agree about how the universe was created.

once/(英英)used for saying that a particular situation existed at a time in the past, but it does not exist any longer(副詞)かつて、昔、過去のある時
I suppose the universe was once smaller.

If you subtract nine from sixteen, you get seven.


figure 1/(英英)an official number that has been counted or calculated.(数えたり計算したことで得られる公式の数字。)合計額、総額
Sales figures are very important to people who are in charge of a large factory.
sales figures/売上高、売上数量

figure 2/(英英)a person of the type mentioned. ([形容詞を伴って]〜の種類の人物)
I think Gordon Brown is a key figure in the government of Great Britain.
-key figure/重要人物、キーパーソン、黒幕

figure 3/(英英)the shape of a woman’s body, for example whether she is fat or thin(女性の体つき、プロポーション。太っているか細いかなど)。
So many women worry about their weight because they want to have good figures.スタイルが良くなりたいという理由で、多くの女性は体重を気にする。


posted by Haru at 21:05| 東京 ☁| Comment(2) | ステージ7 メモ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする


ステージ7 メモ1



housework/家事 ペン家事に対応する英単語は色々あります。cf) household chores, housekeeping etc.
My favorite kind of housework is ironing or washing up.
-washing up/(イギリス英語)食器洗い ひらめき(アメリカ英語)では(自分の)手や顔を洗うこと、の意。アメリカ英語で食器洗いは"do the dishes"。

underground/(イギリス英語)地下鉄 ひらめき(アメリカ英語)subway
(参考)Underground Railroad

railway (イギリス英語)鉄道 ペン(アメリカ英語)だと"railroad"
Cables are usually at least 1 metre below ground level.

-ground level/地表面、地盤面

ground floor/(イギリス英語)一階ひらめき(アメリカ英語)first floor
There's a shop on the ground floor of this building.
ひらめきイギリス英語だと「1階」は"ground floor、「2階」は"first floor"、アメリカ英語だと「1階」は"first floor、「2階」は"second floor"。

maintain/(英英)to continue to say that something is true, even if other people do not believe you.(他人が信じなくとも)〜だと主張する、言い張る。(cf. insist)
I believe people who maintain that they have seen a ghost.

Some people are afraid of ghosts because they think ghosts can be evil.

necessary evil/必要悪
A necessary evil is something that is bad but we have to agree to it.

maintain/(英英)to provide someone with the money and other things that they need in order to live.(他動詞)(人が)(家族などを)養う、扶養する。
I think people need about $300 a month to maintain a child.



suppose (that)/〜だと思う、考えるペンジーニアス英和によると、「語調を和らげるだけで、通例thinkよりも意味の軽い語。thatは通例省略される」とのこと。
I suppose prices will go up next year.

in alphabetical order/アルファベット順に
We can find words in alphabetical order in a dictionary.


create jobs/雇用を創出する。
The government should try to create more jobs for young people.

create a problem/問題を引き起こす。cf)cause a problem
Delaying things may create huge problems in the future because problems usually becomes bigger and bigger.


make/to create or prepare something by combining materials or putting parts together; to cause something to exist or happen:

(例)She makes her own clothes.
(例)She made a good impression on the interviewer.

create/to make something exist or happen, especially something new that did not exist before.

(例)Scientists disagree about how the universe was created.

Make is a more general words and is more often used for physical things: you would usually make a table/dress/cake but create jobs/wealth. You can use create for something physical in order to emphasize how original or unusual the object is:

(例)Try this new dish, created by our head chef.

root vegetables/根菜◆ダイコン、ニンジン、サツマイモ、ゴボウなど。cf) leafy vegetables/葉菜

welcome 1/(形容詞)(人が)歓迎される
If I had the feeling that I weren't welcome somewhere, I would leave that place.

welcome 2/(他動詞)歓迎する、喜んで迎える
The first thing you do when you come into the classroom is welcome all students.

晴れused to
Used to expresses an action or a habit that happened for some time in the past. Used to emphasises the contrast between the past and the present. 過去に行っていた動作や習慣を表すのにused toを使います。Used toを使うことにより過去と現在の対比が強調されます。

(例)I used to have longer hair whenI was a child. (I have short hair now)
He didn't use(d) to study much. (He studies more now).
- didn't use(d) to/以前は〜しないのが常だった(が、今は違う)
posted by Haru at 05:00| 東京 ☔| Comment(4) | ステージ7 メモ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする