2011年07月06日

ステージ6 メモ7

かわいいレッスン92

晴れDirect speech/直接話法
We can repeat somebody's words exactly using inverted commas. This is direct speech.
- inverted commas/(イギリス英語)引用符 (アメリカ英語だと"quotation mark")

クォーテーションマーク(引用符)を使って、人の言葉をそのまま繰り返すのが「直接話法」。
(例)'I live in London', she said.

晴れReported speech 1/間接話法 1
We can report what somebody said. This is reported speech.
人が言ったことを報告することを「間接話法」という。
(例)She said that she lived in London.

晴れReported speech 2/間接話法 2
In reported speech we often speak to somebody else, at a later time, in a different place.間接話法は、後日、違う場所で(ある人の発言を)別の人に話すことです。
ペン(うまく訳せませんあせあせ(飛び散る汗)

1That is why we usually use different pronounce.これが、間接語法では異なる代名詞を使用する理由です(ルール1)
(例1)
(直接話法)'I work in a bank', she said.
           ↓
(間接話法)She said that she worked in a bank.

(例2)
(直接話法)'You are happy', she said.

(間接話法)She said that he was happy.

2We usually change verbs into the past:
また、動詞は通常、過去形に変えます(ルール2)
(例3)
(直接話法)'I live in the house', he said.

(間接話法)He said that he lived in the house.

(例4)
(直接話法)'I am working', she said.

(間接話法)She said that she was working.

3We change time and place word.
時間や場所を表す単語も変えます(ルール3)
(例5)
(直接話法)'I live here', he said.

(間接話法) He said that he lived there.

(例6)
(直接話法)'I am working now', she said.
           ↓
(間接話法)She said that she was working then.

4We usually change the past simple and the present perfect into the past perfect.通常、過去形と現在完了形を過去完了に変えます(ルール4)

(例7)
(直接話法)'They worked', she said.

(間接話法)She said that they had worked.

(例8)
(直接話法)'We have painted the wall'.

(間接話法) He said that they had painted the wall.

5We change will into would."will"は"would"に変えます(ルール5)。

(例9)
(直接話法)'I will drive', he said.

(間接話法)He said that he would drive.

ひらめき以下を覚えてしまいましょう。
am/is/arewas/were
was/werehad been
have/hashad
will/can/shallwould/could/should

make plans/計画を立てる
It appears to me that it's important to make plans for the future.


posted by Haru at 05:56| 東京 🌁| Comment(0) | ステージ 6 メモ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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